Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – This neurodevelopmental disorder typically manifests in early to mid-childhood and is characterized by inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. It is more common in males than females. Difficulties focusing on a teacher, finishing a task, sitting still, or controlling verbal responses are common. This disorder is best treated by medication management through a physician and cognitive behavioral therapy with a therapist. Appropriate treatment can greatly improve academic and social functioning.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder– This disorder is usually characterized by lack of respect of authority. It manifests in an angry/irritable mood, defiant behavior and at times vindictiveness, which is developmentally inappropriate, either in intensity or frequency. Oppositional/defiant behavior can interfere with academic functioning, family relationships, and social functioning. If left untreated, problems are likely to worsen. Prognosis improves with earlier diagnosis and treatment.
Conduct Disorder – This is more severe than Oppositional-Defiant Disorder and is characterized by the clear violation of the rights of others or societal rules/norms. Bullying others, use of weapons, theft, physical cruelty, and fire-setting are some possible behaviors. This disorder can greatly impact functioning, especially academically, socially, and occupationally. Legal issues may become a problem. Once again, early and intensive treatment is necessary for the best outcomes.
Appropriate and early intervention with behavioral disorders greatly improves prognosis. The incidence of co-occurring additional diagnoses such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse are higher with behavioral disorders. PC&A staff are skilled at assessing for co-morbid conditions. Psychologists at PC&A understand behavioral issues and can provide comprehensive treatment for each individual.